Using gloves and goggles, prune the lower leaves of your plant if they are lying on the soil. This trim discourages snails and slugs to hop on and start munching. It also limits fungal diseases from splashing on the leaves during rain or watering. Keep the lower 6-8 inches of stem leafless. Late in the season to speed up fruiting, remove any overhanging leaves shading the peppers for maximum sunlight exposure. The brighter the color, the tastier they are. Three to four weeks before the first frost in the fall in your planting zone, clip any flowers and immature fruits that won't mature before cold hits. This pruning will give the other more mature fruit an advantage sending all the energy to the remaining fruit.